Learn Uyghur Language
Uyghur Language belongs to a Turkic languages family of Altai languages Group, with 12 to 14 million speakers, spoken primarily by the Uyghur people in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of Western China. Significant communities of Uyghur-speakers are located in KazakhstanandUzbekistan, and various other countries have Uyghur-speaking expatriate communities. Uyghur is an official language of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, and is widely used in both social and official spheres, as well as in print, radio, and television, and is used as a lingua franca by other ethnic minorities in Xinjiang. The Uyghurs are one of the 56 recognized ethnic groups in China, and Uyghur is an official language of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, along with Standard Chinese. As a result, Uyghur can be heard in most social domains in Xinjiang, and also in schools, government and courts. About 80 newspapers and magazines are available in Uyghur; five TV channels and ten publishers serve as the Uyghur media.
Uyghur belongs to the Uyghuric branch of the Turkic language family, which also includes languages such as Salar and the more distantly related to Uzbek languages as the both Uyghur and Uzbek languages were derived from medieval Chagatai Turkic language. Like many other Turkic languages, Uyghur displays vowel harmony and agglutination, lacks noun classes or grammatical gender, and is a left-branching language with subject–object–verb word order. More distinctly Uyghur processes include, especially in northern dialects, vowel reductionand umlauting. In addition to influence of other Turkic languages, Uyghur has historically been influenced strongly by Persian and Arabic,
Uyghur language began being written in the fifth century AD, but according to some archeological discoreries, Uyghur people began to have their own script in 3rd century BC. Uyghur people used many scripts throughout the history before converting to Islam, after converting to Islam in early 10th century, Uyghur people has been using modified Arabic alphabet since then . Unlike most Arabic-derived scripts, the Uyghur Arabic alphabet has mandatory marking of all vowels. Two Latin and one Cyrillic alphabet are also used three decades ago, though to a much lesser extent. The Arabic and Latin alphabets have 32 characters,
It is widely accepted that Uyghur has three main dialects, all based on their geographical distribution in Xinjiang. Each of these main dialects has a number of sub-dialects which all are mutually intelligible to some extent.
§ Central: Spoken in an area stretching from Kumul towards south to Yarkand
§ Southern: Spoken in an area stretching from Guma towards east to Charqaliq
§ Eastern: Spoken in an area stretching from Charqaliq towards north to Chongköl
The Central dialects are spoken by 90% of the Uyghur-speaking population, while the two other branches of dialects only are spoken by a relatively small minority.
Vowel reduction is common in the northern parts of where Uyghur is spoken, but not in the south